<div>Hi, i have try setting up the Openswan for VPN testing using the manual keying method. Below is my ipsec.conf file configuration:</div>  <div>&nbsp;</div><FONT size=2>  <div># /etc/ipsec.conf - Openswan IPsec configuration file</div>  <div># RCSID $Id: ipsec.conf.in,v 1.15.2.2 2005/11/14 20:10:27 paul Exp $</div>  <div># This file: /usr/local/share/doc/openswan/ipsec.conf-sample</div>  <div>#</div>  <div># Manual: ipsec.conf.5</div>  <div>&nbsp;</div>  <div>version 2.0 # conforms to second version of ipsec.conf specification</div>  <div>&nbsp;</div>  <div>config setup</div>  <div>plutodebug=none</div>  <div>klipsdebug=none</div>  <div>interfaces="ipsec0=eth0"</div>  <div>&nbsp;</div>  <div>#Disable Opportunistic Encryption</div>  <div>include /etc/ipsec.d/examples/no_oe.conf</div>  <div>&nbsp;</div>  <div>conn dut1net-dut2net</div>  <div>keyingtries=0</div>  <div>keylife=8h</div>  <div>left=2.2.2.2</div>  <div>leftnexthop=2.2.2.1</div>  <div>leftsubnet=3.3.3.0/24</div>
  <div>leftfirewall=no</div>  <div>right=2.2.2.1</div>  <div>rightnexthop=2.2.2.2</div>  <div>rightsubnet=1.1.1.0/24</div>  <div>rightfirewall=no</div>  <div>&nbsp;</div>  <div>conn tunnel-1</div>  <div>also=dut1net-dut2net</div>  <div>leftsourceip=3.3.3.1</div>  <div>rightsourceip=1.1.1.1</div>  <div>spi=0x100</div>  <div>esp=aes128-md5-96</div>  <div>espenckey=0x12345678_12345678_12345678_12345678_12345678_12345678</div>  <div>espauthkey=0x12345678_12345678_12345678_12345678</div>  <div></div>  <div>auto=add</div>  <div>&nbsp;</div>  <div>&nbsp;</div>  <div>when i start the ipsec service, everything is ok but when i type "ipsec manual --up tunnel-1", an error message:</div>  <div>&nbsp;</div>  <div>ipsec manual: no IPsec enabled&nbsp;tunnel found.</div>  <div>&nbsp;</div>  <div>&nbsp;</div>  <div>what is the problem with openswan? can it support manual keying? cos when i do auto keying it is ok, but for my testing i needed to use manual keying. can u pls help me on this?
 </div>  <div>&nbsp;</div>  <div>thanks</div>  <div>&nbsp;</div>  <div>Regards,</div>  <div>Irene Liew</div>  <div>System Performance Engineer</div></FONT><p>
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